For many years we thought that the milky tiny bubbles that appeared in our glass of water from our electric ionizer was a good thing. In those days we thought it meant ‘microclustering’. Now we know it’s molecular hydrogen. But is it a good thing that we see all these bubbles? Here’s what Molecular Hydrogen Foundation‘s Biochemist Tyler LeBaron says:
DISSOLVED HYDROGEN VS. UNDISSOLVED HYDROGEN
HYDROGEN GAS IN THE WATER
The manner in which hydrogen gas is dissolved in the water has an effect on its stability and rate of exsolution (coming out of solution) and dissipation. Hydrogen gas can exist in water as fully dissolved gaseous solutes, colloidal and suspension forms, as well as large macrobubbles that exit almost immediately. There are many things to consider when discussing hydrogen in water including macro, micro and nano-bubbles, zeta potential, nucleation, solvation, Ostwald ripening, bubble coalescence, ionic strength, and other factors that affect solubility and half-life.
However, it is important to consider that simply bubbling hydrogen gas into water or producing it in water (e.g. metallic magnesium, electrolysis via water ionizers, etc.), does not necessarily mean that the water will contain a saturated level or even a therapeutic level of hydrogen gas. Indeed, some water ionizers are able to produce a high alkaline pH, and thus by default “produce” hydrogen gas, but the concentration of hydrogen gas in the water may be less than 0.05 ppm.
A great example of undissolved hydrogen can be seen with the “lighter demo”, in which a flame is held near the alkaline output hose of some “water ionizers” and a “crackling” sound can be heard along with small visible sparks as the hydrogen gas ignites. But, the hydrogen gas that ignites is only the “undissolved” hydrogen gas, which immediately evaporates into the air, thus offering no therapeutic value. Therefore, the “crackling” sound that can be heard with the “lighter demo” only indicates that hydrogen gas was produced via electrolysis, but the amount dissolved may actually be below the therapeutic level.
“MILKY” LIKE WATER & BUBBLES
Undissolved hydrogen gas can also be seen in some cases with conventional alkaline water ionizer where the water looks “milky” or “foggy” due to all the large hydrogen gas bubbles. Therefore, just because a water looks milky or you can see many bubbles in the water does not indicate that the water has a high concentration of molecular hydrogen. In fact, the actual concentration may even be below the detection/therapeutic level.
Conventional alkaline water ionizers were developed decades before the importance of hydrogen gas was known, thus their design was optimized to produce alkaline water not dissolved hydrogen gas. In fact, some water ionizers may produce very high alkaline water, but with no detectable amounts of hydrogen gas. This is also observed in many water ionizers that may produce an adequate level of hydrogen gas when the electrodes and hoses are clean, but after calcium builds up within the machine, the level of hydrogen gas can fall below the detection limit (this may take a few days to weeks or months depending on the source water and usage). This fact also underscores the importance of regular cleaning and maintenance, with different machines requiring different maintenance programs. This also explains the frequent observation experienced by alkaline ionized water users, that when they clean their machine the water “feels fresh and therapeutic like when the machine was brand-new”. Importantly, one cannot rely on ORP readings to verify that their water has high hydrogen gas levels. You can have a -700 mV reading while having over 1 ppm of H2, or less than 0.05 ppm of H2. (see: this article for an explanation).
In conclusion, there is an important relationship between the total amount of hydrogen gas produced and the total amount of dissolved hydrogen gas. The higher the percent of hydrogen gas that gets dissolved the more efficient the system. Thus, if a system were fully optimized you would not see any hydrogen bubbles or hear any crackling sound during the lighter demo. Although the presence of bubbles or the crackling sound doesn’t mean the water contains high hydrogen levels, it also doesn’t mean that it contains low hydrogen levels.
What are they, you ask?
They are tiny bits of plastic used for all sorts of weird purposes. Over 800 trillion microbeads enter US wastewater daily, and because water treatment plants were never designed to handle this new source of pollution, a lot of the microplastics end up in rivers and lakes, get ingested by various creatures, and then make their way up the food chain back to us.
here’s the big story on my fave blog, TreeHugger.
At RSNA in Chicago, Philips is introducing its new ‘in-bore patient distraction’ offering for patients undergoing head-first scans under MRI. Currently, only exams that keep the patient’s head outside the scanner allow for headphones to be worn and a display to be seen.
The new Philips solution is essentially a video screen positioned outside the bore and a mirror attached to the head coil that lets patients focus on what’s playing on the screen instead of worrying about the exam. Moreover, sound is also piped to the patient to help distract from the crunchy MRI noises.
Yup, we are SO lucky!
Postprandial oxidative stress is increased after a phytonutrient-poor food but not after a kilojoule-matched phytonutrient-rich food
Research indicates that energy-dense foods increase inflammation and oxidative activity, thereby contributing to the development of vascular disease.
However, it is not clear whether the high kilojoule load alone, irrespective of the nutritional content of the ingested food, produces the postprandial oxidative and inflammatory activity.
This study investigated the hypothesis that ingestion of a high-fat, high-sugar, phytonutrient-reduced food (ice cream) would increase oxidative and inflammatory activity greater than a kilojoule-equivalent meal of a phytonutrient-rich whole food (avocado).
The individual contributions of the fat/protein and sugar components of the ice cream meal to postprandial inflammation and oxidative stress were also quantified.
Using a randomized, crossover design, 11 healthy participants ingested 4 test meals:
- Ice cream,
- The fat/protein component in ice cream,
- and the sugar equivalent component in ice cream.
Plasma glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and inflammatory and oxidative stress markers were measured at baseline and 1, 2, and 4 hours (t1, t2, t4) after ingestion. Lipid peroxidation was increased at 2 hours after eating fat/protein (t0-t2, P < .05) and sugar (t1-t2, P < .05; t1-t4, P < .05). Antioxidant capacity was decreased at 4 hours after eating ice cream (t0-t4, P < .01) and sugar (t0-t4, P < .01). Ingestion of a kilojoule-equivalent avocado meal did not produce any changes in either inflammatory or oxidative stress markers. These data indicate that the ingestion of a phytonutrient-poor food and its individual fat/protein or sugar components increase plasma oxidative activity. This is not observed after ingestion of a kilojoule-equivalent phytonutrient-rich food.
Billions of people are stricken by disease every year because of a lack of sewage systems, water processing plants, and proper plumbing.
Proper waste management involves expensive infrastructure built to last for decades, if not centuries, regularly maintained by professionals. This is simply impossible in many venues, so a different approach, which doesn’t require central sewage plants, electricity, or expensive maintenance, would be more appropriate.
A team at University of Colorado at Boulder have developed a solar powered toilet that can be used just about anywhere with sufficient sun to serve a family of up to six people while generating charcoal for heating the house. The system uses the light of the Sun to heat up the poop, sterilizing it and turning it into biochar. This is done using eight mirrors that focus light on a postage stamp spot which is connected to a bundle of fiber optic cables that guide up to 700 watts of light toward the waste. The light essentially cooks the waste, rendering it into a safe biochar. This biochar can be used as a fertilizer or burned as a heat source. The team will be unveiling their high tech toilet in India later this month and hopes this technology will be rolled out to millions of people around the world.
Back at school I was a coke freak. Coca Cola that is. Then I ‘got smart’ and began to care about my health so I went for the next dominant paradigm; orange juice. Now I drink water; alkaline hydrogen infused water. So what’s so bad about orange juice?
Well, according to this article from the Atlantic magazine, lots. It’s not just a comparison article: it’s a history lesson on how were conned from way back in the 1920’s about why we needed orange juice.
South Korean police have caught two students selling diet pills. They bought them from a Chinese website.
Analysis of the pills found banned substances sibutramine, known to cause heart disease, and phenolpthalein. and – in every pill – 100% match on human flesh.
New research from the Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia has defined the best cure for a hangover. It’s not surprising; coffee and aspirin.
The caffeine in the coffee and the anti-inflammatory effects of aspirin react against ethanol, the demon drink’s actual demon. The study found that it’s the ethanol that brings on the headache because it produces acetate (yes, that clear plastic sheeting stuff!). When researchers induced headaches in rats using ethanol, then fed the lil’ critters caffeine and anti-inflammatories, they found it blocked the acetate production and relieved the headaches.
So we can relieve the effects of a drug – liquor – with a couple of ‘lesser’ drugs. When we discovered alkaline antioxidant water, one of the things that attracted us was the claim that it was an excellent hangover cure. Twelve years later we still don’t know if it’s true – probably because we haven’t gotten drunk enough. My last hangover at age something less than 30 lated 3 days and I never got drunk since.
Do we have any volunteers out there? Perhaps your Christmas dinner?
The search for greener, more power-efficient lighting systems won’t stop with compact fluorescents and LED systems if Dutch electronics giant Philips has anything to say about it. In an effort to embrace a truly natural approach to lighting, the company took a cue from fireflies and deep-sea creatures to create a (literally) green light powered not by electricity or sunlight, but by glowing bioluminescent bacteria.
I know the perfect place for it to blaze away happily; teenagers’ rooms.
Graham, our general manager, contributes to a health blog in the US. He posts to it just like this blog, and he includes many articles we have on file here in Australia. One such article was written by me about acidic or alkaline ‘personalities’ pointing out that calm people are usually more alkaline, and aggressive people more acidic. The first example of an acidic personality I suggested was the late Saddam Hussein. The second example was of an alkaline type; the Dalai Lama.
Now… up until now Graham has been getting wonderful comments on his articles. But when he added that George Bush was probably and acidic type (and really, folks, look at his diet!) Whaoh! the Americans did NOT like it, accusing him of ‘confusing politics with health’. Which brings me to this rather coincidental link comparing the way Americans think to Europeans.